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Preservation It is a term related to verb preserve , whose etymology takes us to Latin praeservāre. The act of preserving consists of take care, protect or defend something in advance , with the aim of avoiding eventual damage or deterioration.

The preservation Therefore, it can be developed in various fields and in different ways to preserve the qualities or integrity of things. There are, for example, several rules and laws of preservation that seek to protect natural attractions and historical buildings.

When what is sought is to take care of a park, a mountain, a river or any other natural area, the preservation is aimed at avoiding the polluting activities that damage the ecosystem . In this way, a preservation law can prohibit the development of mining activity on a mountain or that camping or camps In a forest.
It must be established that there are many measures and actions that can be carried out and carried out in order to achieve the preservation of the environment. Among them we can highlight the following:
• Reduce energy expenditure, since it represents a significant reduction in carbon dioxide emissions that are released into the atmosphere.
• Bet on the promotion and use of so-called renewable energies, which are clean and do not pollute while being inexhaustible.
• Promote the recovery and restoration of wildlife habitats.
• Increase campaigns and programs dedicated to what recycling would be.
• Take action to keep both air and noise pollution under control.
• Make use of products that are respectful of the natural environment.

If the purpose is to take care of a construction of historical value, preservation norms are usually aimed at preventing its demolition and structural changes. They also seek to prohibit owners and / or visitors from developing activities that may jeopardize the characteristics of the building .

Works of art are also subject to preservation efforts. In this way, it is common that a picture of the 16th century cannot be touched to prevent pigments from painting deteriorate, or that the film tape undergoes a special process to extend its life.

We cannot forget that there is also what is known as digital preservation. With this term, what is attempted is to refer to the set of actions and measures that must be carried out with the clear objective of being able to guarantee that a series of digital information, contained in computer devices or on such media, can be correctly preserved. But not only that, but also that, despite the changes that occur in the sector, can be used when deemed appropriate without problems.

Among the most important techniques and methods that exist in the field of digital preservation, we should highlight, without any doubt, migration, backups, soda or so-called metadata.

The idea of ​​preserving, finally, can be applied to people to refer to your watch out or protection : “I didn't tell you anything to preserve you and avoid you a dislike”, “The preservation of health is essential if you want to have an extensive life”.

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