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From Latin principium, he beginning is the Start of the existence of something. It can be a start or of a premiere . For example: “The beginning of the trip was quite annoying, since it took us two hours to do fifty kilometers”, "I just started reading the book you gave me, so I'm still at the beginning", “Did you hear this song? In the beginning, it reminds me of one of Michael Jackson ”.

Principle is also the point that is in the first place in an enumeration or in something that extends, and the origin or reason for some matter: "The beginning of the financial crisis was in the mortgage crisis in the United States", “Running out of work was just the beginning of the debacle: then I had to sell the car and finally they finished off the house”.

The concept of principle is linked, on the other hand, to the essential postulates that allow the development of scientific studies or the practice of a art , and to the most important rules that determine the way of thinking and acting: "The law of gravity is one of the principles of physics", “I can't work for a company that damages the environment: it would go against my principles”, “My grandfather is a man of principle and always keeps his word”.

Understood as a moral norm, the principle is a value which directs the action of a subject according to what dictates his awareness . It is linked to individual freedom, since a principle is fixed without an obligation that comes from abroad although it is influenced by the society .

Importance of the principle in the narrative

The writer Julio Cortázar used to say that in a story one of the points fundamental, and what else the author should take care of, is the principle. Why? Because it will be through him that he will get more adept at reading his work.

Cortázar ensures that the effectiveness of a story lies in the tension it generates; a well-used tension, which leads to the happening of events at an appropriate climax, can lead to a story of admirable conditions. However, if it is possible to play properly with the facts and the tension but an interesting principle is not achieved, this narration is doomed to failure. It is necessary to point out that a story is a story where time is pressing: The pages are scarce to tell everything the author would like, which is why it is necessary to save money and only talk about what is strictly essential.

The beginning of a story must contain few elements and direct, able to attract the curiosity of the reader. Many suspense authors, for example, start with the final, that is to say that they present a conflict based on a past event that is not named, which leads the reader to wish to know that story as it is. Possibly, this is one of the best ways to face a work of this type.

In the case of the novel it is different since having more weather and space, it is possible to express clearly and extensively what is desired, playing much more with its different elements. It is often said that because of this advantage over the story, a poor or shocking beginning does not condemn the work to failure; However, that is not so. The principle must also be carefully studied in a text of this magnitude. A thriller, to speak of the same genre, usually presents an important conflict from the first page, so that the reader is attracted and wishes to continue reading.

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