The notion of creationism , in the field of theology , refers to the doctrine holding that God created the universe from nothing , in addition to having intervened directly in the creation of the soul of the human being to differentiate ourselves from the rest of living beings.
According to creationism, all part of God . As god is eternal , the position of creationism implies certain philosophical dilemmas: What was there before the world? How do you create something from nothing?
There is a metaphysical principle that indicates that "Nothing comes from nothing". If he universe , which encompasses everything that existed, had an origin, would have arisen just from nothing, contradicting the aforementioned principle. To overcome this contradiction, one would have to accept that the universe always had existence. For creationism, that existence is given by God, who is eternal and always existed.
Many times it is claimed that creationism opposes the evolutionary theory proposed by Charles Darwin . This scientist explained that the species, including the human being , derive from others. This would imply, therefore, that God did not create man from nothing. For creationists, on the other hand, each species is the fruit of an act of divine creation.
The idea of creationism, in short, is used to refer to any act of creation performed by a divinity. Creationists usually take the Genesis (first book of the Bible ) literally and do not accept the existence of an evolution of the species. Creationism also contradicts the dating of the Earth that science performs.
A part of Christian creationists say that our planet is young, so young that it does not reach 10,000 years of antiquity ; more specifically, they usually point out that God Yahweh created it 6000 years ago, as described in the Ussher-Lightfoot Calendar. In other words, in this ideology the scientifically based theories of the emergence of the universe and the Earth are not taken into account.
Many Protestant churches in North America support the vision of the Young earth : in statistical figures, it is estimated that this is the theory that respects approximately 47% of North Americans, and about 10% of Christian universities teach it in their classrooms. Some Christian organizations, such as Creation Research Institute and the Creation Research Society they also believe in this ideology .
To find the age of our planet mentioned above, which does not exceed six thousand years, the followers of this branch of creationism rely on deductions and calculations based on the ages of the characters in the Bible, as mentioned in the Genesis and other books
The creationism of the young Earth is divided into three points of view:
* the one that rejects the theory of the evolution of the species of categorical form, as well as any indication of evolution of the planet Earth, according to the studies of the geology . This is the most common form of ideology;
* the one that is subtitled "ambiguous", which contemplates the possibility that all living beings except human beings have evolved;
* the so-called "of a rapid evolution", according to which the god Yahweh carried out the creation in a few days, so the evolution did take place but it happened in just one week.
In the field of literature Finally, creationism is the name of a poetic movement that emerged at the beginning of twentieth century , postulating the absolute autonomy of the poem. According to this movement, the poem does not reflect the appearance of nature, but follows its internal logic and its impulses.