He lactic acid is a chemical compound that is part of group of the carboxylic acids . It is called a chemical compound because it is made up of at least two elements that are part of the periodic table. Carboxylic acids, on the other hand, are those that have a functional group called carboxy group or carboxyl group , where a carbonyl and a hydroxyl group on the same carbon coincide.
In this case, lactic acid has, in carbon, a carboxyl group together with a hydroxyl group . If part of a solution , lactic acid can suffer the loss of hydrogen that is attached to the carboxyl group, thus transforming into the anion lactate .
It is possible to obtain lactic acid by pyruvic acid , from an enzyme that appears during fermentation. The ionized form of lactic acid (the aforementioned lactate) is produced by the body through the metabolic activity . When a human being Performs intense physical activity, the metabolism causes lactate to be released in the muscles.
The concentration of lactic acid in the body, however, only increases when production manages to overcome the elimination of the substance. Usually, this occurs when tissues demand more Energy of the availability of oxygen in the bloodstream. It should be noted that, when lactate is oxidized by the activity of the heart and liver, it is converted back into pyruvic acid.
It is important to keep in mind that when you perform an exercise or sport of strong intensity it may happen that the person in question generates too much lactic acid. This can happen because your body, due to different circumstances such as not being completely fit, is not prepared to eliminate the acid and what it does instead is to accumulate it.
That situation that will bring with it are two very clear situations: the aforementioned individual will notice lack of energy and, in addition, he will feel very fatigued. Hence, you must keep in mind that in order to avoid having to endure that trance again you will have to stop at that time and then, on the day, establish a daily exercise routine. And it is considered that only training and training is how you get the body to be able to eliminate lactic acid properly.
In addition to that it is considered appropriate to carry out a diet that can keep the aforementioned acid under control. Specifically, this food must be sustained on the following pillars:
-You must have the main protagonists of fruit and vegetables.
-It needs to include foods rich in magnesium such as legumes, spinach or almonds.
-The olive oil should be the one used at all times.
-It is essential that during the exercise, the person in question drinks water alone or with what is lemon juice.
It is important to keep in mind that lactic acid is used for different purposes. It can be used to regulate the acidity of a food, as cosmetic, for the tannery or to produce biopolymers, for example.