Methodology It is a word generated from three words of Greek origin:goal ("beyond" ), odòs ("path" ) and logos ("study" ). The concept refers to research plan which allows to meet certain objectives within the framework of a science . It should be noted that the methodology can also be applied in the artistic field, when a rigorous observation is carried out. Therefore, the methodology can be understood as the set of procedures that determine a scientific investigation or mark the course of a doctrinal exposition.
In the field of social sciences, the resource of the methodology focuses on the reality of a society to arrive at a certain and conclusive conclusion about an episode using the observation and practical work typical of all science.
The distinction between the method (name given to each selected plan to achieve an objective) and the methodology (branch that studies the method). The methodologist is not dedicated to analyzing or verifying knowledge already obtained and accepted by science: its task is to track and adopt valid strategies to increase said knowledge.
The methodology is an essential piece of all research (scientific method) that follows the procedure as it allows to systematize the procedures and techniques that are required to specify the challenge. It should be clarified that the procedure gives name to the accumulation of knowledge and disciplines that are necessary for address and understand any subject The term comes from the Greek pro ("before" ) and paideutikós ("Concerning teaching" )
In other words, the methodology is a specific resource that derives from a theoretical and epistemological position , for the selection of specific research techniques. The methodology, then, depends on the postulates that the researcher believes are valid, since the methodological action will be his tool to analyze the reality studied. The methodology to be efficient must be disciplined and systematic and allow an approach that allows analyzing a problem in its entirety.
Within an investigation many methodologies can be developed, but all of them can be classified in two large groups, the research methodology qualitative and quantitative . The first is that which allows access to information through the collection of data on variables, reaching certain conclusions when comparing statistics; the second, makes narrative records about investigated phenomena, leaving aside the quantification of data and obtaining them through interviews or non-numerical techniques, studying the relationship between the variables that were obtained from the observation, taking into account all the contexts and situations that revolve around the problem studied.
On the other hand, the methodology can also be comparative (analyze), descriptive (expose) or normative (value). To know if it is convenient to use one type of methodology or another, the scientist or researcher has to take into account a set of important aspects. Some of the questions to ask are: what results do you expect to achieve? Who are interested in knowing the results? What is the nature of the project?
It is essential that the method used and the theory, which offers the framework where knowledge is inserted, are united by coherence (the how and what must be consistent with each other); this means that the methodology must be used within a ideological framework , a system of coherent ideas that are responsible for explaining the purpose of the research.
As we have already explained, method and methodology are different things. The term method, also known as research techniques , can be defined as the path to an end; In relation to the methodology, it consists of the procedures that must be carried out to comply with what is stipulated by it and obtain true conclusions about the phenomenon or problem being analyzed. In other words, while the methodology is what unites the subject to the object of knowledge and is essential to achieve scientific knowledge, the method is the path or instrument that leads us to it.
The sports training methodology It consists of the rules that must be followed within the organization in the practice of a sport. There are two types of methodologies in this field: multidisciplinary and integrated .
The multidisciplinary methodology It is the one that considers that the best sports performance can be obtained from the sum of the different elements that intervene such as technique, tactics, and physical, psychological and visual aspects. The ends are achieved from clear and safe exercises.
The integrated methodology It is based on sports, and considers that technical-tactical, physical, psychological and visual skills are closely linked. In this methodology, integration and combination are sought among all the elements, but greater attention is paid to technique and tactics .