Pucará , also accepted as pucara , is a term of Quechua origin that is used to refer to a type of strength what were they building Aboriginal peoples of the American continent . These structures, which were raised in elevated areas, were developed with pircas : dry stone walls.
The pucarás were frequent in cultures Andean distributed in parts of the South American territory. These were strategic and defensive facilities where rulers resided.
In Argentina , for example, the remains of the pucará de Tilcara , in the province of Jujuy . Located on the top of a Hill , was populated to late eighth century .
Near San Pedro de Atacama , in Chile , is the pucará de Quitor . It was built in the XII century on a slope of about 80 meters high. Ecuador , meanwhile, has the pucará de Quitoloma , in the Province from Pichincha .
The term Pucará It also appears in the denomination of several current administrative divisions. In Bolivia , Pucará is the name of a municipality which is part of the province of Big Valley (Department of Santa Cruz ). Peru , meanwhile, it has the locality of Pucará in the province of Lampa (Department of Fist ).
He IA-58 Pucará , on the other hand, is the name of a model of airplane created by the Argentina air force in the decade of 1960 . This turboprop aircraft was designed to attack ground targets.
He Argentine state used planes Pucará to fight the guerrilla in the province of Tucumán . Then he used them in the Falklands War , in 1982 . Colombia , Uruguay and Sri Lanka they are other countries that turned to Pucará for the development of different missions.