A electrolyte or electrolyte It is a substance that can undergo electrolysis (the decomposition in dissolution through the flow of electricity). The electrolytes contain free ions that act like electric conductors .
It is possible to distinguish between electrolytes in ionic solutions , molten electrolytes and solid electrolytes , according to the arrangement of the ions. The most frequent are the electrolytes that appear as solutions of salts, bases or acids. These electrolyte solutions can arise from the dissolution of biological polymers (such as DNA) or synthetic polymers (polyethylene sulfonate), obtaining a large number of charged centers.
The electrolyte can be defined as the solvent that dissolves in water to generate a solution Able to drive the current. When, in a solution, a high percentage of the solute dissociates to create free ions, we talk about strong electrolytes . On the other hand, if most of the solute fails to dissociate, reference can be made to the weak electrolytes .
Returning to the concept of electrolysis, mentioned above, it is clear that it is also known as electrolysis and that it is the process whereby the elements of a mixture are separated by the use of electricity; In addition, it achieves two phenomena: the reduction and oxidation of electrons. Its history dates back to the first half of the nineteenth century and was discovered by accident in the middle of the study of energy accumulators and it took about four decades to be widely accepted and given a proper name.
It is important to emphasize that living beings need a delicate balance of electrolytes between the internal environment of the cells and the extracellular environment. The osmosis It requires this balance to regulate blood pH, muscle functioning and body hydration, for example. Magnesium, sodium, calcium and potassium are some of the primary ions of electrolytes in physiology.
The electrolyte balance in the body It is usually maintained by oral intakes although, in emergency situations, substances with electrolytes can be administered through the veins.
Sports drinks, to name a case, contain electrolytes to contribute to rehydration and improve performance. They were created in the 60s by an American doctor named Robert Cade and today there are many brands that claim to offer the best product for health, but it is recommended inform yourself before choosing one or another.
In principle, these drinks were developed to counteract the dehydration that takes place through sweat, especially for those who practice sports Professionally However, thanks to the exhibition they received through advertising campaigns such as Gatorade's, many fans began to consume them, even if their only physical activity was to take a couple of turns to the local park. In these cases, although it would be necessary to analyze each one in particular, probably drinking water would satisfy all the needs of the body, since it is not about intense sessions.
Some people get carried away by the taste or, worse, by the design of the bottle when choosing a brand of sports drink. Needless to clarify that the determining factors at the time of choosing should be body needs while exercising to find out which company offers a suitable combination to meet them. In general, they all contain simple carbohydrates (such as glucose and fructose) or complex carbohydrates (such as glucose polymers), Water and electrolytes (such as chlorine, sodium, magnesium, potassium and calcium). There are also products that have additives to give color, aroma and sugary flavor, and vitamins. Above all, they usually differ by the magnitude they have of each ingredient.