Dehydration is the process and the consequence from dehydrate or dehydrate . This verb, meanwhile, refers to eliminate or lose water that is part of the composition or that contains an organism .
For example: “The dehydration of tomatoes in the sun can take more than a day”, "It is important to drink a lot of liquid when it is hot to avoid dehydration", "The patient was admitted to the hospital with a dehydration chart that required intravenous serum delivery".
In living beings, dehydration involves a health problem since the organism does not have the liquid it needs for its proper functioning. A human being you should drink about three liters of water per day to maintain your hydration, although that amount may vary according to weather conditions and other factors.
He excessive heat , he intense physical exercise and diseases As the anger They can lead to dehydration. Among the most frequent symptoms are the thirst , he dry skin and the fatigue . Who is dehydrated can feel sick and suffer fainting . In the case of babies, it is common for them to have a dry mouth and cry without tears.
In the same way, we cannot ignore that other symptoms that come to indicate that a dehydration condition is experienced are urinating less frequently than usual and even having a dark colored urine.
In addition to all of the above, we cannot ignore that it is considered that the people who are most at risk of suffering from a dehydration disorder are babies, the elderly, pregnant women and those who play sports.
No less relevant is knowing that there are several types of dehydration:
-Hypotonic dehydration, which is what takes place when more sodium is lost than water.
-Hypertonic dehydration, which is considered to occur when the loss of free water is greater than that of solutes.
-Isotonic dehydration, in which the loss of solutes and water is very similar.
Likewise, we cannot forget the existence of what is known as intentional dehydration, which, as its own name, is the one that the person intentionally seeks. It does so to achieve the weight you want and consists of both limiting water consumption and excessive sweating.
In the face of dehydration, the convenient thing is ingest water or isotonic drinks little by little . Drinking a lot of liquid at once is counterproductive since it can cause vomiting. On the other hand, drinks with caffeine and with alcohol They should be avoided because, instead of reversing the situation, they can aggravate dehydration.
To avoid falling into this health problem, it is established that it is necessary for adults to drink between 2 and 2.5 liters of water daily. In addition, they must carry out a healthy, complete and balanced diet where foods such as vegetables, fruits, legumes, dairy, cereals as well as meat and fish are present.
The dehydrated Foods On the other hand, they are subjected to a process to extract the Water . This measure facilitates its preservation, keeping the expiration or expiration date away.