Habitat It is a term that refers to the place that presents the appropriate conditions to live a organism , species or animal or plant community . It is, therefore, the space in which a biological population can reside and reproduce, in a way that ensures its presence on the planet is perpetuated.
It is very interesting to note that a habitat can be found in the most diverse geographical locations: as well as a bacterium You can have your home in a small puddle in a large city, a mammal like the lion requires a much wider environment and other characteristics.
The habitat is given by a combination of biotic factors and abiotic : this environment corresponds, therefore, with different geographical, climatological characteristics, etc.
It is important to keep in mind that both human action and certain natural phenomena can modify the habitat of a species, which brings about a considerable series of changes to adapt to a new environment. From pollution to climate change, through indiscriminate felling of trees and the extinction of dozens of animal species, the damage we cause to the planet seems to have no limits.
One of the most current examples of our lack of consideration for other species is the atmospheric pollution, caused by the global warming , which results in the melting of glaciers. As expected, the destruction of a habitat poses a serious danger to the subsistence of the species associated with it; In this case, the most direct victim is the polar bear, which is in danger of extinction.
Human ecology and urbanism, which study the relationship of a population with its environment, talk about human habitat to refer to the series of material and institutional elements that condition the life of a group of people in a given area. This same term is used by architects to refer to the characteristics of an organized and conditioned environment for the lifetime or to develop a work activity, as well as the possibilities it gives to its inhabitants.
The human habitat must be classified or defined according to number of inhabitants, which varies considerably from case to case. Each country presents a series of features cultural and social that differentiate it from the rest, and this makes it very difficult to establish the minimum number of people who can form such a habitat; for example, the dimensions of an average city are not the same throughout the world and this, in turn, is affected by the activities carried out in it, the characteristics of the terrain and climate, and so on.
A fundamental aspect of a human habitat is the industrial and technological development, directly linked to the employment and training opportunities offered to its inhabitants. Likewise, health centers represent one of the pillars of human organization in our times; unlike animals, our species does not accept death or lead a healthy enough pace of life to face a simple passing illness, so it depends on hospitals and medications to stand.
People we need art and entertainment, many times united, to enrich ourselves; Therefore, it is important that all city count on theaters, cinemas, museums and cultural centers, among other recreational areas. With regard to the types of housing we use, many and very different ones can be recognized: apartments, houses, huts, tents and farms are just a few examples. These, in turn, can be located in towns, villages, counties or cities, among other forms of establishment.