A Greek term derived in the Russian word ikona, which became French icône and finally it became icon or icon in our language (the Royal Spanish Academy accept both versions).
Its about sign which, through a similarity relationship, can represent a certain object. For example: the drawing of a curve on a sign indicates that the driver of a vehicle will find, at a certain number of meters, a curve on the road.
Specifically, we can also establish that, colloquially and in our day to day, we use the term icon as a synonym for symbol.
The semiologist Charles Peirce states that an icon is a sign that can represent something by some resemblance to any aspect of the object represented .
This American philosopher must establish that before talking about the icon, what he did was establish three groups of signs: symbols, indexes and icons.
In the field of computing , an icon is a schematic graphic representation which is used to identify programs (software ) or various functions that can be developed with a computer or other device These digital pictograms facilitate the use of technological equipment: “You have to double click on the W icon to open the Microsoft Word”.
A religious icon It is a representation of brush or relief that is often used in different churches and temples. He Hinduism It is one of the religions with richer iconography, while, at the other extreme, the Islam It does not promote visual representations. Icon painting began to develop in the Byzantine Empire , in the zone of Constantinople , and then the tradition expanded by Russia and Crete .
In the case of Hinduism we can underline that the icons are also known by the name of murti and in their case the way to show them veneration and respect is by offering all kinds of elements such as food or water.
It should be noted that religious icons can be venerated and elevated to the category of sacred objects, or simply be ornamental or decorative images.
All this leads us to have to raise the existence of two terms that precisely start from the word we are now analyzing. Thus, on the one hand, there would be what has been called iconicity, which is used to make clear the similarity that exists between a specific object and the image itself.
The aforementioned iconicity has become a very studied area, which has even led to the establishment of certain scales, or rather, degrees, in order to analyze it further. Thus, among them are the photographic, the cartoon, the writing ...
On the other hand, we would be talking about iconoclast. Among the varied meanings that this term has we would highlight one that comes to let the iconoclast is that heretic who not only denies the cult that is done to the sacred images but also destroys them and can even persecute people who do they carry out that cited cult.