Originating in the Latin word infant, the childhood it is the stage of the existence of a human being that It starts at birth and extends until puberty . The concept is also used to name the all of the children that are within said age group.
In another sense, this concept may be linked to the stage that happens, for example, to the creation of a project or to the Foundation of a company. Given that in these cases there will also be a development, a growth, the analogy with human life is useful to differentiate the different moments of evolution.
Childhood is often evoked with nostalgic dyes, given the ability of the human being to rescue the positive of each memory. There is a general tendency to believe that everything that happened in those early years is best, more attractive than the present. In addition, most people tend to feel tender when they see a baby, regardless of knowing him, his physical appearance, his race, and so on.
In some countries, infant (from Latin infantis) is a legal denomination It applies to kids who are under 7 years old. According to Convention of Children's Rights , a child is understood to be a person who has not yet turned 18, unless he has already reached the age of majority, in accordance with the provisions of the law.
Along the history and with variations in each country, the concept of childhood has varied. Although children's experiences are determined by biological and psychological development issues, cultural patterns They also affect your life. A clear example is that decades ago, it was acceptable for children to work or marry. Today, not only are these practices not tolerated by society, but various organizations and entities are dedicated to ensuring that this does not happen.
In 1989 the General Assembly of the United Nations approved a treaty describing the rights of children. The Convention on the Rights of the Child explains, for example, that every child should enjoy Health, enjoy rest and play, have a family, a name and a nationality. Among the most important points, however, is freedom of thought and expression and protection against child exploitation.
This list of basic rules for the life of a person Minor is, like any other tool of generalization, incomplete and misleading, without entering into compliance with the convenience of each family or region. Take the case of free expression, for example, and try to explain the rising rate of suicide by school abuse to people who do not respond to the damn normal parameters. The right to the family, on the other hand, responsible for multiple forms of abuse by parents, uncles, grandparents. Or think of the choice of religion in the case of those who are baptized or circumcised at birth, when they still cannot decide.
Freud and childhood
For Freud, the basis of personality are in the first years of life, which reinforces the importance of this stage of developing. Sigmund says that at birth, we do our best to satisfy the numerous impulses and instincts that dominate us, without restrictions of any kind. Later, influenced by our environment, we began to establish a series of norms and rules for living in society, which will accompany us for the rest of our lives.
A childhood marked by terrible events, such as physical and mental abuse, examples of crime, lack of respect, may result in a violent adult; but also in a person who struggles to defend human rights. There is no recipe for a perfect childhood, but the traumatic experiences of childhood never go unnoticed and most cases do not have a happy ending. Surely, the best gift a child can receive is freedom; to choose, to feel, to express oneself, to love and to reject.