In order to know the meaning of the term formal education it is necessary that, in the first place, we proceed to discover the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
-Education, first, comes from Latin, exactly "educatio". This term, which means "education" or "parenting" is the result of the sum of several components of that language: the prefix "ex-", which can be translated as "out"; the verb "ducere", which is synonymous with "guiding", and the suffix "-tio", which is used to indicate "action and effect".
-Formal, secondly, also emanates from Latin. In its case it derives from "formalis", which means "relative to the form". It is the result of the union of two components: the noun "form", which is synonymous with "image" or "figure", and the suffix "-al", which can be translated as "relative to".
The education It is the process that is carried out with the purpose of instructing and training a person. It usually involves the participation of an educator (teacher, instructor, guide, etc.) who teaches certain content to the student or student for him to learn.
Formal , on the other hand, is what counts formality : that is, with a development or execution mode that conforms to certain requirements or parameters .
The idea of formal education alludes to integral process that starts with the Initial education or primary education , pass by the secondary education and reaches the higher education . This instruction is developed systematically and allows access to different Official titles (recognized by the State ).
This type of education respects a Program where educational objectives are established. Usually, a certain hourly load is stipulated that students must take to be able to take the corresponding exams. Upon passing the final evaluations, students advance the course or get the degree.
It can be said that formal education is that given in approved establishments by state authorities and organized in regular school cycles . The curricula are progressive and lead to successive grades until they reach graduation or degree.
The Informal education instead it is not tied to rules No schedules. Usually offers higher freedom the student and does not deliver degrees, or awards diplomas that are not officialized by the State. This, however, does not necessarily imply that informal education has a lower quality than formal education.
In the same way, we cannot ignore that then there is what is known as informal education. This is the one that consists of the learning that is obtained by carrying out activities of what is day to day related to family, friends or even work. As a general rule, it is not an intentional education, it does not have any type of structuring or set goals and, of course, it does not allow obtaining any kind of certification. It also does not rely on specific tools or have a specific duration.