From Latin violent, the violence is the violent quality or the action and effect of violent or violent. The violent, on the other hand, is that which is outside its natural state, situation or mode; what it runs with force, momentum or abruptness ; or that is done against one's taste or will.
Violence, therefore, is a deliberate behavior which can cause physical or psychological damage to others. It is important to keep in mind that, beyond physical aggression, violence can be emotional through offenses or threats. That is why violence can cause physical consequences as well as psychological .
There are many theories about violence and among them the one known as the Violence Triangle, which was developed by the Norwegian sociologist Johan Galtung, one of the most important experts in the field of social conflicts and peace.
With that terminology what it does is establish the connection and the relationship that exists between the three types of violence that it considers to exist in society. That is, between cultural, structural and direct violence.
The first, the cultural call, is the one that manifests itself through works of art, science or religion, among other areas. The second, the structural call, on the other hand, is the one that is considered the most dangerous of all of them, since it is the one that originates, through various systems, as a consequence of not being able to see the needs that are met.
And finally there is the direct violence that is carried out physically or verbally on people, against the environment or against the assets of society in general. Theft, murder, damage to natural resources or attacks on real estate are some of the most common manifestations of this type of violence.
The violence seeks impose or get something by force . There are many forms of violence that are punished as crimes for law . However, it is important to keep in mind that the concept of violence varies according to the culture And the time.
There are societies where, for example, women are forced to marry the man who chooses or buys them, something that, for the Western world, constitutes a form of violence against the female gender.
It is important to underline that, unfortunately, in recent years, what is known as gender violence has acquired a great presence in society around the world. This is what occurs on a person based on their sex or gender, however, it is fundamentally used to refer to the one that men exercise over their women.
On the other hand, there are violent demonstrations that are approved by law and by the State . For example, the death penalty It is legal in many democratic countries, such as U.S . However, many civil associations consider that all murder (whether legal or not) is a violation of human rights.
Finally, it should be remembered that Mahatma Gandhi , one of the greatest exponents of nonviolence and pacifism, recognized that there is no person completely free of violence, since this is an innate characteristic of human beings.