Simulacrum , from Latin simulacrum, is a imitation , falsification or fiction. The concept is associated with the simulation which is the simulate action .
A simulation, therefore, implies the representation of something, pretending what is not . For example: “The children will participate tomorrow in a mock fire for their teachers to explain how to act in emergencies ”, "Don't worry, it's just a drill", "Fourteen hospitals will participate in the disaster simulation organized by the municipal authorities".
In the field of army , is known as mock a feigned war action . This allows mechanisms, strategies and tactics to be adjusted in a controlled environment so that, in the event of a real war, military operation is satisfactory.
In this sense, a simulation can simulate a attack to a barracks. The superiors, then, must analyze the reaction of the soldiers and the response times to determine if it is necessary to carry out some type of instruction or modify any action protocol.
The flight simulators On the other hand, they offer a simulation of the experience of flying an aircraft. These systems seek to reproduce all real variables as accurately as possible. Thus, pilots can practice with these simulators before driving a plane, where mistakes can be fatal. If a failure is recorded in a drill, however, no tragedy occurs, since these systems they simulate the real conditions thanks to mechanical and virtual devices but without risk.
The importance of the drill is that It is part of prevention measures, the best way to avoid or reduce the side effects of a catastrophe. A very common type of drill is the real estate evacuation, to properly train specialized rescue and assistance teams, as well as owners, renters and workers who may be inside a building in the middle of an emergency, which may be a flood, a fire or a earthquake, among other possibilities.
The evacuation drill is part of the group of internal programs of civil protection of the property, which are developed to evaluate and adjust the efficiency of emergency plans. One of the main objectives of these measures is to make all the individuals involved in a risky situation become protagonists and to defend their own security in a conscious way, with the tools and knowledge sufficient to act towards a solution, in instead of contributing to the problem through the hysteria or inactivity
It is worth mentioning that there are many variables to consider in an emergency, which is why you should not always react in the same way to a similar situation; For example, sometimes fires do not result in an immediate evacuation of the property, since it is also important to ensure that the surrounding area is in good condition and does not present other dangers to those who leave it.
It is possible to distinguish between several types of simulation, which are organized into three large groups:
* for its reach: They may be partial or totals, the latter being the ones that reach the end of the representation, covering all the possibilities and nuances of the situation represented;
* for its programming: with and without prior notice. This depends on the objective of the drill, and the decision to anticipate it or not often responds to the age and condition of the people involved, to avoid potential complications of Health in individuals with heart problems, or in very young children, for example;
* for its function: cabinet (pre-execution planning) and field (the start-up of the drill in the building).
Drill, finally, is a image made in the likeness of something or someone .