It is essential when we can establish the meaning of the word solute, which we will now analyze, which we discover what is the etymological origin of this concept. Thus, it should be stressed that it is found in Latin, and specifically in the word solutus which can be translated as "dissolved, free or released."
A Latin word is that in turn can be said to be the participle of the verb solve which is synonymous with "release and release." However, it can also be established that it means "to pay, release someone's money."
A solution It is a mixture with homogeneous characteristics formed by at least two substances. He solute is the substance that is usually found in lesser amount and that dissolves in the mixture . He solvent , on the other hand, it is the substance that usually appears in greater quantity and where the solute dissolves.
The solution concentration It indicates the relationship between the amount of solvent and the amount of solute. It is important to note that the chemical properties of the solvent and solute do not undergo modifications in the solution.
The solute is usually a solid It is contained in a liquid solution. The solubility It is linked in large part to its polarity. Polar molecular compounds and ionic compounds have the property of solubility in solvents with polar characteristics (among which ethanol and H2O may be mentioned). Apolar molecular compounds, on the other hand, are soluble in apolar solvents (such as ether).
Solubility is linked to how capable a substance is to dissolve in another (that is, its ability to act as a solute). This measure is usually reflected in grams per liter , moles per liter and even in solute percentage .
In addition to all of the above, we have to establish that the term solute is very frequently used in terms of water movement, and specifically in two phenomena that are known as global flow and diffusion. Thus, it is established that, for example, in the first case that this flow occurs in living beings, what it does is to move not only water but also solutes from one part of a multitucellular organism to another.
On the contrary, in what is diffusion, solutes, molecules and ions move outward, inward and through the cell itself.
It is important to keep in mind that a solute can be solid, liquid or gas. He sugar It is an example of a solid solute that dissolves in water. Water is also solvent when mixed with the ethanol , which acts as a solute in this case. Another example of solute that dissolves in water is the carbon dioxide , a gas that is used in carbonated beverages. This shows that solutes can appear in any state of aggregation of matter.
However, in addition to the aforementioned, we cannot ignore the fact that solute is also a term widely used in the field of technology, and more specifically in the field of computer science. In this sector when we talk about Soluto, we are referring to an application whose clear mission is to accelerate the start of what is the Windows operating system.