The actions of the English official Charles Cunningham Boycott (1832 -1897 ), who completed tasks in Ireland , led to the development of concept from boycott .
In 1880 , Boycott was hired to administer fields in the Achill Island . Given the overexploitation he made of his subordinates, the peasants refused to pay the rent. Over time the farmers decided not to work anymore to Boycott and also refused to sell and buy products .
Due to this situation, Boycott He hired a group of Protestant workers and asked the police for help to protect the crops. The farmers then terminated all their contracts with Boycott simultaneously, a decision approved by the Irish Agrarian League , which gave them the possibility of not doing business with him. The action developed by agricultural workers was named by the newspaper The times as boycotting, which came to our language as "boycott" .
Boycott, therefore, is an act that is performed against a organization or an individual with the objective of prevent the normal development of an activity . For example: "A consumer association called for a boycott against supermarkets in protest against rising prices", "I'm going to push for a boycott against the clothing store in front of my house: yesterday the owner discriminated against me because of my skin color", "They call for a boycott against an American company that gave millions of dollars to an African dictator".
The boycott, in short, is a legal practice that seeks to apply a punishment to those who act condemnably from a perspective ethics .
It is worth mentioning that this practice did not necessarily begin when the term was coined boycott and its respective verb, boycott, but there were already antecedents in the history that date from at least half a century before. More precisely, in 1830 a movement took place by the National Black Convention Movement to end the exploitation of slaves in the industry.
He National Black Convention Movement It was launched by black leaders in the state of Philadelphia, United States, where there was one of the largest concentrations of African-American people in the country. The purpose of this movement was to fight discrimination, hostility, violence and exclusion that these inhabitants suffered from the whites of the northern cities.
Another memorable example of boycott, although much later, took place in India when Mahatma Gandhi in 1915 he called for a boycott against all products from Great Britain with the aim of revitalizing local manufacturing. This was the first of his steps in his peaceful struggle and allowed his country to recover the independence in 1947. Among his decisions he emphasized weaving his own clothes with the loom and spinning wheel.
In the late 1940s, Argentina had to face a US-led boycott that sought to weaken its economy to have less competition in the export of national products.
In 1955, a black seamstress named rosa Parks wrote one of the most important pages in the history of the United States, which would have a worldwide impact on the eternal battle against racism. While traveling by bus, he decided to refuse to give up his seat to a white man, something he should have done by law; Given her attitude, the driver reported her to the police and Rosa was arrested. Then Martin Luther King He led a boycott against the transport company.
The boycott was successful, as the bus company and merchants in the area suffered considerable money losses. However, in retaliation they decided to bomb the House of Martin Luther King and Jo Ann Robinson , among other leaders.